Female Infertility Treatment

International Fertility Centre diagnoses the real issue for the infertility in women and suggests the standard and faithful female infertility treatment. If a woman has stopped having periods, it usually indicates a defect in the system and warrants investigation. Listed below are the most common causes of infertility in women:

Anovulation

Anovulation is the medical term used when a woman does not ovulate. Ovulation is the release of mature eggs from a woman’s ovary and is a critical part of the reproductive process.

Endometriosis

The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium and it is shed monthly if pregnancy does not occur. The endometrial tissue passes through the uterus and outside the body in the form of menstrual bleeding. Endometriosis results when menstrual bleeding flows backwards through the fallopian tubes and grows outside the uterus. Distortion of the anatomy due to endometriosis can block the fallopian tubes and prevent the sperm from reaching and fertilizing the egg.

Fibroid Tumour

These non-cancerous masses are found in the uterus or cervix. Uterine fibroids are found in one out of every four or five women in their 30s and 40s. They can cause tubal blockages, prevent the embryo from attaching to the uterine wall and cause miscarriage. The impact the fibroids have on fertility depends upon their size and location.

Hyperprolactinemia

Hyperprolactinemia is the excessive production of the hormone prolactin (the hormone responsible for milk production). An excess of prolactin can suppress ovulation and can be symptomatic of hypothyroidism (when the body lacks thyroid hormone) or luteal phase defects.

Immunological Infertility

Immunological infertility occurs most often in men. The male immune system can react to its own sperm as if they were invading cells and can be caused by an infection, cancer or a vasectomy. The immune system attacks the sperm and significantly impedes sperm motility.

Luteal Phase Defect (LPD)

The luteal phase is the time between ovulation and the start of the next menstrual cycle. If a woman has a luteal phase defect, her body does not have enough time between ovulation (when mature eggs are released) and menstruation to build up the lining of the uterus, because the woman does not produce a sufficient amount of progesterone to allow a fertilized egg to implant. This is a broad diagnosis that can mean many things.

Occlusion

Occlusion is the medical term used for any blockage in a woman or man’s system. In women, fallopian tube blockages (also called tubal blockages) are most common. In men, a blockage in the duct system (the epididymis or the vas deferens) may prevent sperm from reaching the ejaculate

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition in which the upper reproductive organs in a woman become infected. The disease can affect the lining of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a condition in which the ovaries secrete abnormally high amounts of androgens (male hormones) that often cause problems with ovulation. . Women with PCOS have enlarged ovaries which contain multiple, small cysts. PCOS is also called Stein-Leventhal syndrome

Premature Ovarian Failure (POF)

Premature ovarian failure (POF) is also called early menopause. This term refers to a condition where the ovary stops ovulating earlier than is normal. The average age range for menopause is between 45 and 55. Women under 40 who permanently stop ovulating regularly are considered prematurely menopausal.

Uterine / Vaginal Birth Defects

These particular defects are also referred to as mullerian anomalies. A birth defect of the vagina and uterus can impair a woman’s ability to get pregnant, or to carry a pregnancy to term. Mullerian anomalies can range from a bicornuate uterus to the absence of a uterus and cervix.

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