In this modern age, every woman wants to build a career before conception. But due to ageing or some other medical factors, females are unable to conceive. In this case, cryopreservation is a technique that has made it possible to preserve fertility. Oocyte cryopreservation commonly termed as egg freezing, is a process in which a woman’s eggs are extracted, frozen and stored to preserve reproductive potential in women of reproductive age.
Cryopreservation of the female’s egg can be considered for a variety of reasons:
- Females who are going for chemotherapy or pelvic radiation therapy, fertility might be affected.
- Damage to the ovaries while surgery.
- Due to chromosomal abnormalities(e.g. Turner syndrome, fragile X syndrome), risk of premature ovarian failure
- Damage to the ovaries can cause ovarian disease.
- Genetic mutations requires removing the ovaries
- For social or personal reasons to delay childbearing
How is Egg Freezing Done at International Fertility centre?
In International Fertility Centre, Fertility specialist performs an assessment of the ovarian reserve to evaluate the possible production of eggs from ovarian follicles prior to the ovarian stimulation cycle. This medical procedure comprises of blood tests and pelvic ultrasound. Ovarian stimulation is done similarly as in vitro fertilization (IVF). The egg maturity is performed under the microscope, and mature eggs are cryopreserved.
How Will the Eggs be used in the Future?
When a female is ready to achieve pregnancy, then the frozen eggs are used. In this process, cryopreserved eggs are placed in warming solution and assessed. The eggs, which survived the freezing process, are fertilized with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), in which a single sperm is injected directly into the egg. This results in fertilized eggs, which grow in lab culture until the embryos are ready to be transferred into the uterus to achieve pregnancy, mostly 3-5 days after fertilization.
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